"Asta Kosala Kosali"
The Structure of Bali's Traditional House
Culture and arts are things that made Bali Island became well-known over the world. Balinese culture is very thick with religious value like its ceremony and offerings. The religious value also impact in every things like choosing the date for ceremony, direction for praying, goods for offerings, also build a house. If you ever visited two or more of Balinese house, you may realize that its arrangement of buildings are quite same to each other.
Photo by: rumah-adat.com
When people in Bali wants to build a house, they will be guided with a rule of structure called"Asta Kosala Kosali". It is a Balinese's Fengshui to build a house where Balinese people have to consider about the arrangement, land, time, and parts of house. From the image above, we will talk about the structure and parts of Balinese house based on Asta Kosala Kosali in this article.
1. Sanggah or Merajan
Photo by: perutgendut.com
Sanggah or Merajan is a sacred building where Balinese people pray and place offerings to God and their ancestors. Balinese people also use this area for ceremonies with family. In the Sanggah, there are some buildings with particular purposes and their numbers are varied based on the owner. The exact buildings that should be built in Sanggah are: Pengelurah, Kemulan, Padmasari, Peliangan, Taksu, and Piyasan. In all Balinese houses, except houses in North Bali, Sanggah is placed in the Northeast. But in North Bali, Sanggah is placed in the Southeast. Outside of theSanggah area, there are also building called Penugun Karang. Balinese people believe that Penugun Karang acts as the guardian of the house.
2. Bale Dangin
Photo by: budayabaliunik
As its name, Dangin which means East, Bali Dangin is a building that placed in the East of house area. Bale Dangin is building with some particular Saka (pillar). Balinese people use 6, 8, 9, or 12 pillars based on the land of the house for Bale Dangin. Usually, Balinese people enjoy creating artwork like woodcarving, painting, or just relax in the Bale Dangin.
3. Bale Delod
Photo by: Yan Bawa
Delod means South, so Bale Delod is a building that is placed in the South area of the house. Bale Delod can be used as a living room for welcoming guests. It also used for ceremonies like Otonan, Mesangih, and Pawiwahan. If one person in family dead, she/he will be placed in Bale Delod before she/he is brought to the graveyard. This building also used to put all offerings that will be used for ceremony.
4. Bale Daja
Photo by: perutgendut.com
Daja means North, so Bale Daja is a building that is placed in the North of the house area, next to the Sanggah. This building also has some Saka like Bale Dangin. Bale Daja is a place to sleep for the head of the household and is used to keep the tools used for ceremonies. This building has the highest foundation rather than others in the Bale building.
5. Bale Dauh
Photo by: Adit Oka
Bale Dauh is a building that is placed in the west of the house area. Same with Bale Delod, Bale Dauh is also used for welcoming guests and a sleeping place for children and teenagers. Usually,Bale Dauh has 9 Saka as its pillars.
Photo by: @jineng.bali
Jineng is a barn for the Balinese people, especially people who work as farmers. Yields like rice, corn, etc, are saved in the Jineng. And underneath, there is a Bale for relaxation or quality time with the family. Some Balinese people who work as chicken or pig breeders will place a small cage for animals near the Jineng.
Photo by: guniangkangin.com
Paon is the name for Balinese kitchen. As the other kitchen, Paon is used to prepare and cook foods. It is a place where Balinese people usually make daily offerings called Banten Saiban. Everyday, after cooking, the Banten Saiban will be offered around the house before the first meal. The purpose of doing Banten Saiban is to express gratitude for the meal to God, ancestors, and spirits. Balinese people believe that Paon is also a place to destroy all bad energies that we bring into the house. That's why, Paon usually built near to the entrance of house.
8. Angkul-angkul & Pengaling-aling
Photo by: tanpakendali.com
Angkul-angkul is also called Candi Bentar – the gate to enter the house. With a touch of Balinese art, the gates can look like a palace gate. But, not all Balinese houses have such an elaborate carved gates, it depends on the economy of the family. After you enter the Angkul-angkul, you will see the Pengaling-aling. It is used to change the way people enter the house from straight to sideways. It is also used to hide everything inside the house from the outside.
Well, those are parts of Balinese traditional house and its structure. Some people are still building their homes based on Asta Kosala Kosali, it depends on so many aspects including their economy, land, position, and much more. We hope you've found this post useful! Do share with your family and friends and your holiday snaps, stories and videos with us. Follow us on Facebook andInstagram and tag us for a chance to be featured!