The national pharmaceutical industry has produced most of the drugs for treatment of Covid-19 patients.
Covid-19 Task Force spokesperson Wiku Adisasmito said the raw materials were received by Indonesia in April 2020.
Quoted from Covid19.go.id, the provision of drugs for handling Covid-19 patients refers to the Covid-19 Management Protocol.
“As of October 31, 2020, drugs have been distributed to 34 provincial health offices and 779 hospitals,” said Wiku during a press statement at the Presidential Office in Jakarta on Tuesday (11/3).
To anticipate the Covid-19 drug demand by December 2020, the government is currently procuring drugs required for treatment.
In addition, the government also continues to socialize and raise awareness regarding the discipline related to implementing health protocols at all levels of society to continue to reduce the number of cases.
Wiku appealed to health facilities to improve the quality of Covid-19 related services. This includes increasing the number of hospital or emergency-related beds if needed.
Local governments have been asked to coordinate with the central government through the Ministry of Health and the central Task Force, if they need assistance related to handling Covid-19.
Apart from drugs, the government to date has prepared for handling Covid-19 patients in various regions.
Currently, there are 422 laboratories for PCR (Polymerase Chain reaction) and TCM (molecular rapid tests) which are spread all over Indonesia.
“The government has prepared a stock of PCR reagents for 795,000 specimens, and RNA reagents for 686,000 specimens,” said Wiku.
The Ministry of Health (Kemenkes) has issued strategic directives for the treatment of Covid-19 patients in the event of a surge in hospitals.
“First, if there is an increase of 20-50% in the number of Covid-19 patients, the referral hospital shall be ready to accommodate,” said Wiku. This is because the capacity at referral hospitals is currently at 50%.
Second, if there is a 50-100 % increase in patients, the government will increase the capacity of public treatment rooms to become Covid-19 treatment rooms.
Third, if the increase in patients is more than 100%, emergency tents will be set up in the Covid-19 patient care area at the hospital.
In addition, the government will establish field or emergency hospitals in collaboration with BNPB and TNI.
This planning was carried out because of the trend of spikes in cases after long holidays such as during the Eid Al-Fitr holiday at the end of May and Indonesia’s Independence Day in August. The central, local governments and the Covid-19 Task Force have coordinated both before and after the long holiday periods in anticipation efforts.
Several measures have been carried out previously, such as monitoring of quarantines, enactment of e-Hac or electronic health alert cards, preparation of confirmed case referral channels, preparation of port and airport facilities and infrastructure for implementing health protocols.
“There have also been anticipatory efforts carried out at the hospital. Coordination with local health offices and facilities, preparation of hospital facilities and infrastructure,” said Wiku.
In addition, the community is also expected to be receptive when the government carries out contact tracing.
Public openness is the main key in tracing the closest contacts, while ensuring that confirmed Covid-19 cases receive earlier and better treatment.
“If the testing shows a positive result, immediately quarantine at a facility designated by the government. Follow the advice of health workers, so that the treatment can be carried out effectively, and the death rate can be reduced,” he said.