The Central Statistics Agency (BPS) noted that the number of foreign tourist arrivals to Indonesia reached only 4.02 million people during January to December 2020. The number dropped 75.03% compared to January-December 2019 which recorded 16.1 million visitors.
“It seems that the tourism sector will still face tough challenges as long as the pandemic is not under control,” said Head of BPS Suhariyanto during a virtual press conference on Monday (1/2).
Despite this, he stated specifically for that in December 2020, foreign tourist visitors to the country actually increased by 13.58% from 144.5 thousand people to 164.1 thousand people. However, the number decreased by 88.08% on an annual basis from December 2019, which recorded 1.37 million people.
“Most of the foreign tourists who came this December are business tourists, including those who carry out tasks for certain missions, not tourists here for leisure,” he said.
He added that the majority of foreign tourists visiting Indonesia by land reached 96 thousand people or 59% of total visitors. The rest included 27% entering the country via sea and 14% by air.
On the air routes, an increase in foreign tourist visits occurred at Ngurah Rai Airport and Soekarno Hatta Airport (Jakarta). Meanwhile, the only sea route with increased traffic was Batam.
“They did not come for leisure, but there were several guests who came for conferences and international organizations,” he explained.
Based on nationality, the dominance of foreign tourists visiting from Timor Leste reached 49.4%. The rest included Malaysia with 28.2%, China 4.3%, and others.
BPS also noted that the Room Occupancy Rate (TPK) increased by 0.65 points from 40.14% to 40.79% in December 2020. However, the rate decreased by 18.6 points on an annual basis from 59.39% in December 2019.
“The highest TPK are in East Kalimantan, Lampung and West Papua. Meanwhile, the lowest occupancy rates are in Bali, Riau Islands and Bangka Belitung,” he said.
In addition, BPS noted that the number of domestic air transport passengers fell 57.76% from 76.69 million people in 2019 to 32.39 million people in 2020.
The number of international air passengers was even worse, falling by 80.61% from 18.85 million people to 3.66 million people over the same period.
“The Covid pandemic which has limited society has hit the transportation sector deeply,” said the man who is familiarly called Kecuk.
However, the numbers were still increasing in December 2020, namely up 23.44% and 30.2%, respectively. “This is due to the Christmas and New Year’s holiday period,” he said.
Likewise, rail transport passengers recorded a decrease of 56.4% from 426.88 million people in January – December 2019 to only 186.13 million people in January – December 2020.
However, freight transportation did not drop drastically, only 5.19% from 51.1 million tons to 48.45 million tons.
Meanwhile, the number of sea transportation passengers decreased by 40.66% from 23.93 million people to 14.2 million people. However, freight transport actually rose 1.61% from 297.77 million tons to 302.57 million tons.